More types of fruits

Fleshy fruits

These types of fruits are indehiscent and remain succulent and maturity. The different types of fleshy fruits are as described as follows :

[a] Drupe :

Example: Mango, Coconut.
Characteristics :
[i] The fruit is fleshy, consisting of one or more-seeded.
[ii] The fruit develops from a superior, one or more-chambered.


[iii] The fruit or the pericarp is differentiated into an outer epicarp, middle n and inner endocarp.
[iv] Themesocarp may vary in their structure, it is juicy and fleshy or fibrous and dry.

[b] Berry:


Example: grape, brinjal, banana, tomato.
[i] The fruit is fleshy and indehiscent.
[ii] The fruit develops from a mono or poly-carpellary, superior or inferior syncarpous ovary.
[iii] The mesocarp and endocarp forms a massive fleshy pulp.
[iv] The seeds are embedded in the fleshyPulp.
[v] The epicarp is very thin andmembranous in nature.

[c] Pepo


Example: Gourd, Cucumber.
Characteristics :
[i]This types of fruitsare fleshy, indehiscent, many-seeded.
[ii] The fruit develops from a tricarpcllary, syncarpous, one-chambered, inferior ovary.
[iii] The ovary shows parietal placentation.
[iv] Theepicarp is tough and thick.
[v] The seeds are firmly attached to the placenta.

[d] Pome,


Example: Apple, Pear.
Characteristics :
[i] The fruit is fleshy, indehiscent and false (because the thalamus is highly developed).
[ii] It develops from a bi or multicarpellary, syncarpous, two or more-chambered,
inferior ovary.
[iii] The fleshy thalamus covers the cartilaginous ovary containing the seeds.
[iv] The outer part of the enlarged thalamus is skiny and the inner part is thick and fleshy in nature.
[v] The thalamus is the edible part of the fruit.

[e] Hesperidium

Example: Orange, Lemon.
Characteristics :


[i] The fruit is fleshy and indehiscent in nature.
[ii] The fruit develops from a many-chambered, syncarpous, superior, multicarpellary ovary.
[iii] The ovary shows axile placentation.
[iv] Theepicarp and mesocarp of the fruit are fused together to form theleathery skin of the fruit.
[v] The endocarp is projected inward forming the distinct chambers within it.
[vi] The hairy outgrowths of the inner wall of the endocarp become fleshy due to the storage of edible juice, which is very often enriched in citric acid.

[f] Amphisaraca


Example: Wood-apple.
Characteristics :
[i] The fruit is fleshy, indehiscent and many-seeded.
[ii] The epicarp is hard and stony in nature.
[iii] The fruit develops from a multicarpellary, many-chambered, syncarpous ovary.
[iv] Theinner layer of the pericarp and the placenta is fleshy and pulpy and forms the edible portion of the fruit.

[g] Balausta

Example: Pomegranate.
Characteristics :
[i] This types of fruits are many-seeded with a tough, leathery pericarp.
[ii] There may be a persistent calyx present on top of the fruit.
[iii] The fruit develops from an inferior, many-chambered, syncarpous of which the carpels are placed in two rows, one above the other, separated by yellowish, papery, partition walls.
[iv] The seeds are attached irregularly at the centre.
[v] The fleshy succulent testa of the seeds isfit for human consumption.

Aggregate fruits :

The aggregate fruits are so called because they represent a collection of fruits (fruitlets) developing from an apocarps pistil. Usually -the aggregate fruit as a bunch of simple fruits. Sometimes they are united together, as; the shape of a simple fruit, enclosed by a common wall. These fruits are of the following types :

(1) Etario of Drupes


Example: Strawberry.
Characteristics :
[i] This types of fruits are consists of aggregation of several drupes,
[ii] Each one of them has a fleshy, juicy, eatablemesocarp.

(2) Etario of Berries

Example: Custard apple (Anona).
Characteristics :
[i] The fruit arises from an aggregation of berries.
[ii] There is a common outer wall present.
[iii] Each one is having a fleshy, edible mesocarp.

(3) Etario of Follicles :

Magnolia Fruits
Magnolia Fruits

Example: Calotropis, Magnolia.
Characteristics :
[i| The fruit arises from a typical apocarpous pistil.
[iij It is represented by a aggregate of follicles.
[iii] Each one of them dehisces longitudinally.

(4) Etario of Achenes :

Examole: Clematis.
Characteristics :
[i] The fruit is represented by an aggregation of achenes.
[ii] Each achene has fused fruit coat and seed coat.
[iii] There is a single seed within each one of them.

Multiple or Composite fruits

These types of fruits are so called because they developed from the entire inflorescence and comprise all its components. As a result of which, these fruits may have big size and may fuse with each other forming some specialized structures. They are of the following types :



Example: Iackfruit, Pineapple
Characteristics :
[i] The fruit is a compact composite fruit.
[ii] It develops from a spadix inflorescence.
[iii] The flowers are fused by their fleshy sepals after fertilization and remain compactly arranged on both sides of the peduncle.
[iv]The inflorescence axis also becomes fleshy.
[v] The axis and the fleshy sepals may be edible.


Example:Banyan, Fig.
Characteristics :
[i] This types of fruits are covered by a receptacle from outside,
[ii] It develops from a hypanthodium inflorescence.
[iii] It has a hollow pear-shaped, fleshy structure with many achenes, arr the inner surface of the receptacle or the inflorescence axis,
[iv] Theachenes develop from fertilized female flowers,
[v] There is an ipical pore present at the upper terminal end of the container.

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